You may wonder what to know when buying a used car? One of the best pieces of advice to follow before buying and Selling a used car is to do your homework. You probably have an idea about which kind of car you want to buy, i.e., the make and model, and whether you want a two-door or four-door. You also probably know whether you want a sedan, family car or pick-up, and what kind of gas mileage you need depending on how often and how far you travel for work and/or recreation.
Proper Cars for Cash Research is Important
Before you visit a dealership Pretoria We Will Buy Your Car , you’ll want to begin a web-search to check out everything about the vehicle(s) you want. You can even find recall lists on makes and models, saving you time and hassle. Check out current values at from trusted sites. Collect information from many sources, do you own research, then create a chart filled with information from various sources to compare the price. When you learn the current value of the vehicle(s) you are interested in, you give yourself negotiating power when interacting with a salesperson. Knowledge is power, and you never want to enter into a big decision-making process, especially where your money is involved, without being prepared. And always err on the side of caution. Selling used cars is a business, and they want your money.
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If possible, try to buy your next used car from the previous owner. You can find these deals in your local paper and your neighborhood. Often times the previous owners might have spare paint, the instruction manual, even snow tires. Also, you can ask them questions about the car. The fewer owners the car has had, obviously, the better, and if you trust the previous owners, that’s a bonus. But keep in mind, if you’re not shopping locally and want to broaden your options, internet search is always a great option for you, just be sure to surf through trustworthy sources only. Internet is one of the powerful and free sources where you can seek out for used car buying tips and follow through with those tips and advice.
What to check when buying a used cars
You should definitely “check under the hood”, and make sure there is no structural damage from a previous accident or natural disaster, like a flood. Be sure that the odometer reading is accurate and has not been tampered with. Check the airbag to make sure that it is still in the car and that it has not been deployed. Pay a mechanic to inspect the car for you before you buy it. This is very important — have them check the brakes, engine, motor, radiator, muffler, and inside the body for any structural damage. Better to spend a little extra money ahead of time than to find out later that your used vehicle is a clunker.
Take the car out for a rigorous test drive, including driving it in busy traffic, up and down steep hills, on the highway, and along winding roads. This is your hard-earned money you’re going to be spending on the vehicle, and you don’t want something you can only drive when the weather’s nice or on a trip that’s less than 30 miles. Check out the maintenance record on the car. If you notice that it’s been in for serious repairs, or has had several estimates for expensive repairs, such as transmission work or head gasket repairs that the current owner couldn’t afford to fix, move along.
Used Cars to Buy and Sell advice
Although dealerships now prefer terms like “selling pre-owned” rather than used, keep in mind that the average pre-owned automobile has probably had three owners. With many car search and car safety inspection services, you can, however, find out information, or even receive an inspection report about a vehicle before you pay one red cent. Never buy a car where the VIN number has been partially scraped away. And don’t forget, dealerships can’t deny you the right to see the car inspection report on the car.
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How and Why They Are At Odds
You’ve probably read Fortune’s recent article, Why Car Dealers Really Hate Tesla. They highlight the following key fact:Tesla, the all-electric automaker and energy company sells its own cars directlyonline and through its own branded stores, not through franchised dealerships. The company has one store and service center in Virginia as well as one ?gallery,? where customers can look at the cars but not buy, or even test drive or discuss the price. And Tesla wants to open up one more store, where it can actually sells its vehicles, in Richmond.
The issue of allowing manufacturers or hybrid ownership under current franchise law exists not because Tesla or manufacturers are committed to ?taking down franchise law,? but because Tesla and manufacturers understand that franchised dealer system is at an inflection point. Dealerships are a vital part of every local community they serve, but their strategy to lobby rather than address operating inefficiencies is what has created these attacks. Until they address their core problems, the attacks will grow.
Less than ½ of 1% of the US?s 53 million new and used cars sales this year will be sold online. Manufacturers and dealers together spend $34 billion annually to sell 17 million new and 9 million used cars by driving millions of consumers to 20,000+ non-transactional websites. Why? They believe more information means less profit. (Just try to find an FAQ page on a dealer website.) Instead, dealers insist consumers visit the dealership and endure their legacy sales process where they price people rather than products. While commonplace 20 years ago, this degree of transaction friction is unsustainable for new car dealers.
Dealers would be better served to focus on improving their competitiveness. While dealerships are important employers and most often the largest local source of tax revenue, their inefficiency is undeniable. They average just 30% service, 25% repeat purchase loyalty and churn 70% of sales people annually. Why? Their 3 to 5-hour sales process limits a salesperson?s income and consumer satisfaction. How long will the industry spend $2,000 per new car sold in advertising to sell to consumers not likely to return? Their fight is not with Tesla, but within.
originally published on vinadvisor.net
How to buy a cheap used car
When you don’t really need to drive all that much
As a designated Car Friend, people often ask me: Hey, James. Should I pick up a reasonably-priced used car and drive to the beach and sometimes suburban grocery stores? The answer to this question, of course, is yes, but that answer invites a much lengthier interrogation: What cars should I look at? What’s a good budget? Are private sellers trustworthy? In the spirit of that discussion, what follows is a comprehensive guide to buying cars for people who live somewhere that ensures they don’t really need a car, but maybe it’s nice to have.
It’s a good era to be shopping for used cars. Assuming you don’t rely on your car for daily transportation, it’s possible to get a perfectly decent vehicle for a small investment. Modern autos last far longer than whips of previous generations, and even a car fifteen years old in 2016 ought to feature a solid slate of creature comforts and safety features: power windows, AC, airbags, ABS, etc. The slings and arrows of depreciation ensure that used cars of a certain era trade hands at perhaps 10 or 20 percent of their cost new. What’s more, a savvy motorist can drive one of these used cars for several years, maintain it a bit, then sell it at nearly the same price. There’s a baseline where depreciation slows to a crawl.
You ought to plan on laying out at least $2,500 for a reliable set of wheels. It’s unlikely an example much under that price point will have many years of life left in it. Outliers exist, of course, but the risk somewhat overshadows the reward. On the other end of the spectrum, the once-a-week driver probably doesn’t need to spend more than $5,000. Between those points is the sweet spot for value and reliability.
What types of car am I looking for?
Japanese manufacturers tend to produce the most reliable cars. In the used-car bargain bin, Hondas and Toyotas are the longest lived, and also hold their value a bit better than the competition. Lexuses and Acuras are often perfectly affordable — these are just Toyotas and Hondas by another name. Nissans and Subarus are safe bets, too. Older cars from European makes are hit or miss. Plenty of folks drive their BMWs and Mercedes into the ground without experiencing a major repair bill, but frequent maintenance is critical for more complex, luxurious cars. An aging sports sedan with power seats, air-adjusted suspension and dual climate zones has a lot more components capable of breaking down. Low-end Euros aren’t safe either: elderly VWs in particular should be banished from your search.
American cars tend to be the least expensive on the lot, for good reason. There are certain models from Ford, Chevrolet, Dodge, and their sibling brands that are screwed together well (particularly trucks) but many of these products are real duds. Avoid anything that looks like it belongs at a rental counter in LAX circa 2005.
For a consumer in the market for a “regular” car, boring old sedans and compact cars deliver the best value. Trucks, sports cars, Jeeps, etc., are valued by enthusiast communities and command a premium compared to more sedate transportation.
What to look for in a used car ad?
Cliché, but true: the best marketplace to seek a used car is the same venue you used to sell your couch and find a Pokemon trainer: Craigslist. Certain regions have good local-paper classifieds, too, but Craigslist — temple of retro web design — always delivers.
Lots of people fear buying a used car from a private seller, but I prefer to do business with an individual. Dealers don’t know much about the history of their inventory, while a private seller can share the life story of their car. Private sellers are by and large honest, if occasionally less informed than automotive experts. Used car dealers specializing in the cheapest cars, by contrast, are often true bottom-feeders — the fount from which car sales stereotypes emerged. There are reputable used car outlets, but be on guard for a fly-by-night operation.Here’s an ad that appears to have nothing to hide
In evaluating ads, you’re looking for two things: maintenance history and plenty of clear photos. The more photos, the more likely the car is in good condition. Cars that invite close inspection should be advertised with shots taken from a variety of angles, showing the inside and under the hood. Check that doors all sit level, and that the color of each panel matches exactly — uneven body fit or paint can indicate a prior wreck. Look closely for signs of rust. Rust is the worst, usually a terminal condition, and especially a concern when shopping in the snowy, salty states of the northeast or Midwest.
The more maintenance an owner can demonstrate they’ve performed, the longer their car is likely to last, and the less money you’ll have to put into it. Ask about wear items that need to be regularly replaced: tires, brakes, battery. The longer a car has been with a seller, the more likely it’s been well looked-after. Mileage isn’t an urgent concern — it’s better to buy a thoroughly maintained car with higher miles than a low-mile example suffering from neglect.
Be aware there are certain big-ticket services all cars require as they age. Every 90k miles or so, most cars need to their timing belt and water pump replaced. This can be a costly pit stop, and skipping it is not wise. Cars over 100,000 miles often, but not always, require new exhausts, shocks, wheel bearing or axles — it’s a good sign if these repairs were repaired by the previous owner. If you happen to be shopping for a car with a manual transmission, the typical lifespan of a clutch is 100–150k, so the cost of a replacement should be factored into the purchase of a car that has traveled that range on its original equipment.
I’m going out to see a used car — how do I inspect it?
So, you found a promising lead and it’s time for an-person inspection. Ask the seller if they can avoid starting the car before your visit. Certain ailments are more noticeable on a cold start, so unscrupulous car dealers sometimes take the liberty of warming their goods up. When you get out to see the car, before you turn it on, conduct a walk-around. Do the panels fit tight?This is the kind of rust that can eat up a car — avoid it!
Is the paint color consistent all around? Is there any rust in the lower edges of the body. The tires should all match and show good depth. Make sure all the lights and signals work, then check that the engine is full of fluids: oil, coolant, power steering and transmission fluid. [note: definitely do NOT check coolant level on a hot engine!] While you’re under the hood, peep the sheet metal around the engine: does it look straight and original? Poke your head under the car and see if it appears to be leaving any puddles of oil or coolant from a fresh leak. If there’s water under the car and the AC was just running, don’t fret! That’s normal.
Assuming you made it this far, it’s time for a drive. Start the car up, listening for untoward noises like squealing belts or a rattling exhaust. Did the check engine light illuminate when the key was in “on” and go away after the engine was started? Test all the accessories: windows, AC, wipers, etc, and hit the open road. Leave the windows down to better hear any potential mechanical issues.
Once you’re on the open road, see how the car responds to changes in speed and RPMs. Does the engine sound smooth or does it stumble? Are gear shifts firm and quick? Are bumps absorbed with aplomb, or does the car feel like it’s too low or too bouncy? On a straight, flat, safe section of road, release the wheel and check that the car drives straight. Push the brakes: do they cause the car to pull to one side?
Once you’re satisfied your potential purchase drives the way it should, it’s time to make an offer and do some paperwork.
How much should I pay for this car?
Uncomfortable as it may be to haggle, negotiations are a fact of life in the used car game. Dealers and private sellers both set their asking price in anticipation of being knocked around a little bit. The typical wiggle room in a used car price is around 10 percent, but don’t let that stop you from bargaining your way to an even better price reduction.
Before you seal the deal, tell the seller that you’re ready to buy, but you’re concerned the asking price is just too high. Often, a seller will do some negotiating on your behalf, and throw out a slightly lower number. Whatever the response to your initial entreaty, don’t accept the quoted figure immediately. Instead, suggest a price twenty-five percent under the most recent offer. That’s an amount close enough to ask to demonstrate you’re serious, and it’s further than halfway under the typical negotiations (ten percent), stacking the deck slightly in your favor. There may be a little back and forth from here out, but stick to your guns. It’s very, very rare to meet a seller with no willingness to deal.
The voyage home
I prefer to bring my used car purchases home immediately after negotiations. I head to the bank and withdraw the full amount (this probably means a visit to a live teller, not the ATM) and fill out the paperwork with the seller on the spot. The seller needs to sign over the title (check that it is “clean,” i.e., not salvage or repair branded), and provide a signature on a bill of sale. The BOS is not a complicated document. In nearly any state, the DMV will accept a handwritten agreement that lists the car’s selling price, Vehicle Identification Number and the names and addresses of the buyer and seller. A couple oddball states like Pennsylvania require this documentation to be notarized—a quick visit to Google should clear up the rules in your state.
If you don’t plan to bring the car home the day you viewed it, leave a deposit (10 percent of the sale price, or $500, whichever is less) and write up an agreement to provide the remainder.
One final hurdle in the transaction process: physically getting the car home. Odds are that on the day of your purchase, you are not equipped with valid registration and license plates for the new car. The easiest solution: drive it home with the old license plates still on the car (they’re valid until the previous owner cancels the registration) and mail the plates back to the seller. If the previous owner balks at this plan, you could ask her to drive the car herself to your home, and then offer to ferry her back. If these options are both off the table, you’ll need to leave the car with the seller and head to the DMV to secure registration. After getting license plates at the DMV, you can return to the seller and drive off into the sunset 100 percent legit.
For most people, buying a used car is a rare occasion indeed, and it’s easy to feel intimidated by the process. Don’t sweat it. There are lots of great used cars out there, and a little bit of research and preparation will go a long way toward a successful purchase. You’re going to do great!
Pretoria We Will Buy Your Car
Earlier, selling your used car privately used to be a very tough job. To sell your old car privately instead of going to the car dealership to trade in your car is no more a difficult task now. The following simple points are the must-knows which can help anyone to sell their used car smooth and fast.
Know the actual worth of your used car — The most basic and most important thing to know is how much the used car is actually worth in terms of cash value.
Fix a starting price and minimum acceptable amount — Knowing the true value of the used car is useful to determine an asking price in mind in order to allow room for price negotiation. Knowing the cash value of your used car will also help to fix an amount in mind that is the lowest acceptable amount for you. Be firm and stick to it when the price of your used car is up for negotiation.
Keep the papers ready — It is best to keep handy all the documents that you would require while selling your old car. Maintenance records, warranty papers and all other papers are mandatory.
Keep in mind the mechanical history — Knowing about your used car’s mechanical history and servicing history will help you to tackle questions smartly which are expected to come up from interested car buyers. Being able to confidently handle their queries will garner the trust of the buyers
Get the car ready — A clean and presentable car is always more impressive to car buyers. Cleaning and mending the car to get it free of scratch and bruises is very much needed to make a lasting impression on potential car buyers.
Get the car inspected — It is good to catch up with a car mechanic to examine and inspect the car to ensure that there are no issues with the machinery or functionalities.
Take pictures of the car — Once the car is cleaned and inspected, take photos in broad daylight and from different angles and publish the best among those for the advertisement that you create
Advertise — Nowadays, people advertise online to sell their old cars, so it is good to provide a detail description and also post pictures of your car. When interested car buyers contact you after seeing the ad, you can try to boost your sale by telling them why your car is a better option than the others.
Provide a test drive — It is good to offer a test drive to the prospective car buyers; and this is also a good opportunity to flaunt the positive sides of opting for your used car.
Negotiate price — When the car price is up for negotiation, make some counter offers if the car buyer’s quoted price is not the amount you are looking for. In this context, it is smart to quote a starting price that is higher than what you are actually willing to accept. Click here and get more info about old car valuation.
Some Essential Tips to Know Before Buying Used Cars for Sale
If you are looking to buy a used car from a dealer keep in mind that prices can vary from zip code to zip code, state to state and cities to suburb. For example, buyers who purchase their vehicles in the city generally pay $345 less than in the suburbs according to a Cargurus survey. The state that you reside in can also make a significant impact. States with below national average transaction prices include Miami Fl, Cleveland OH and Rochester NY. One tip is to shop around online and check out prices from dealers within a 50 mile radius (or more if you are inclined) since prices can vary drastically on the same model and make.
If you are looking for a car that is too cheap to be even sold at a used car dealer you may want to consider a local junk yard. Most of these cars are in poor condition or too old to be traded in. Most cars at junk yards are “fixer uppers and may require a lot of handy work. Contact your local yards and ask if they sell to the public.
Third Party Online Classifieds
Online Classifieds like Craigslist (http://www.craigslist.org) and Auto Trader (http://www.autotrader.com/) are an easy and free way to locate affordable used cars for sale by private owner. The drawback from buying from a third party is that vehicles don’t come with a warranty or guarantee which increases your chances of getting a “lemon”. Have a mechanic inspect the vehicle prior to purchase in order to ensure that everything is working properly. Most private party sellers generally only accept cash.
The Key Is To Negotiate
Being armed with information is key when it comes negotiations. Check out Kelley Blue Book for the true market value of the vehicle. Some buyers may feel more comfortable negotiating online or phone instead of face to face and there is no shame in that. Do whatever you need to do in order to feel comfortable when it comes negotiations.
Buy Here Pay Here Car Dealers
If your credit isn’t good enough to qualify for financing at car dealerships or banks but you don’t want to purchase a vehicle from a junk yard then Buy Here Pay Here Car Dealers may be an option (Example http://www.motortrust.com/) offer their own financing in-house and are more likely to offer lines of credit to consumers with a poor or limited credit history. Interest rates tend to be higher but they generally offer auto loans to buyers who many not qualify for a loan at a traditional car dealer or financial institution.
Shop Smart & Spend Less
The bottom line is that you don’t have to spend a fortune in order to find an affordable car. Factors such as geography and the type of place you purchase the vehicle from can make a significant impact on the bottom line.
Some Essential Tips to Know Before Buying Used Cars for Sale
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